Journal of Ecohumanism <p><em>Journal of Ecohumanism</em> is an <a href="">Open Access</a>, international peer-reviewed journal for scholars, researchers, and students who are interested in the fields of Environmental Humanities, Ecohumanism, Ecology, Literary Theory and Cultural Criticism, Economic and Business Studies, Law and Legal Studies in a broad interdisciplinary field of Social Sciences and Humanities. </p> <p><strong>Journal of Ecohumanism</strong> is an <a href="">Open Access</a> peer reviewed journal, allowing users to freely access, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to full-text articles for any lawful purpose without requiring permission from the publisher or author.</p> <p><strong>Journal of Ecohumanism </strong>is abstracted and indexed by several leading platforms including <a style="background-color: #ffffff;" title="Scopus journal list" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Scopus</a> and <a style="background-color: #ffffff;" href="">ERIH PLUS</a>. For the full list, please <strong>see <a title="Indexing" href="">Indexing and </a></strong><a title="Indexing" href=""><strong>Abstracting Services</strong></a>. </p> <div><strong>ISSN</strong> 2752-6801 (Online) | <strong>ISSN</strong> 2752-6798 (Print) (Publishes only online issues from January 2024)</div> <div><strong>Journal Founded</strong>: 2021 | <strong>Publication Frequency</strong>: Six issues a year.</div> <div>The abbreviated title of <em>Journal of Ecohumanism</em> is: <em>JoE</em>.</div> KKG Publications en-US Journal of Ecohumanism 2752-6798 <p>CC Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0</p> <p>The works in this journal is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <p> </p> Bauhardt, C., and Harcourt, W. (eds.). (2019). Feminist Political Ecology and the Economics of Care: In Search of Economic Alternatives. Routledge. Maya Alexis Heins Copyright (c) 2024 Maya Alexis Heins 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 3 2 265 270 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3104 Fulkerson, Gregory M. (2022). Community in Urban-Rural Systems, Rowman & Littlefield. Mary Sanders Pollock Copyright (c) 2024 Mary Sanders Pollock 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 271 272 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3107 Specht, D. and Harper, E.T. (Eds.) (2022). Imagining Apocalyptic Politics in the Anthropocene. Routledge. Sanna Melin Schyllert Copyright (c) 2024 Sanna Melin 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 273 275 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3120 Reno, Seth T. (Ed.). (2022). The Anthropocene: Approaches and Contexts for Literature and the Humanities. Routledge. Imola Bülgözdi Copyright (c) 2023 Imola Bülgözdi 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 277 280 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3162 Hall, K. M. Q. & Kirk, G. (Eds.) (2021). Mapping Gendered Ecologies. Engaging with and beyond Ecowomanism and Ecofeminism. Lexington Books. Sabine von Mering Copyright (c) 2023 Sabine von Mering 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 281 284 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3153 Benvegnù, D., and Gilebbi, M. (Eds.). (2022). Italy and the Ecological Imagination. Ecocritical Theories and Practices. Vernon Press. Luca Gambirasio Copyright (c) 2023 Luca Gambirasio 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 285 287 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3160 Kowalewski, J. (Ed). (2023). The Environmental Apocalypse: Interdisciplinary Reflections on the Climate Crisis. Routledge. Ariel Kroon Copyright (c) 2023 Ariel Kroon 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 289 291 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3159 Etieyibo, E. (2023). A Case for Environmental Justice. Rowman & Littlefield. Abiodun Afolabi Copyright (c) 2024 Abiodun Afolabi 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 293 295 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3127 Front Matter Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 3 2 Finding Satoyama – Forest bathing as a creative practice of knowledge creation and healing in/with/through damaged landscapes <p><em>Many people in the Western world are estranged from the more-than-human world, which negatively impacts their health and well-being. This article investigates the effect of forest bathing as an intervention on how designers and other citizens can reconnect with nature. Walking, talking, and sitting spot practices are not only research methods that help to understand the histories and interdependencies of a landscape and contribute to society and science, but can also be used as mental health promotion tools to generate self-care, especially when dealing with the experience of wounds through the inner and outer landscapes in which we engage. This article is based on an extensive review of a multidisciplinary body of literature. Although mainly conceptual, this article is empirically informed and illustrated by my experiences in Japan. By sharing an autoethnography of experiencing a Japanese landscape through five walks along the same trail over 1.5 years while exploring the deepening journey into the forest bathing practice, this article illustrates the opportunities and benefits of deploying forest bathing in landscape architecture and other regional and urban planning interventions. It also examines the concept of self-care and environmental citizenship and how they emerge in the forest bathing practice. </em></p> Wendy Wuyts Copyright (c) 2023 Wendy Wuyts 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 105 133 10.33182/joe.v3i2.2998 Olfactory Entanglements: Syntactic Fragmentation & Scentimentality <p><em>This paper focuses on the entangled relationship of smell, affect, and environmental contamination. I show how olfactory memory mediates the relationship between breathing and the uneven distribution of respiratory risks from polluted air. To do so, I examine Cesar Majorana’s work “The Syntax of Smell,” which is performed in the context of an open laboratory. During the performance, Majorana engages with the audience, creating a scent based on their stories, bringing attention to the connections between their memories, their perception of artificiality, and pollution. This paper is divided into two sections focusing on syntactic fragmentation and scentimentality respectively. In the first section, I illustrate how “The Syntax of Smell” manifests both as the concepts of breathing and olfactory aesthetics. I demonstrate how the performance paradoxically criticises and utilizes bio- and necropolitical forces of smell production. In the second section, I explore the affective qualities of olfactory entanglements by zooming in on the relationship between affective responses and toxicity in relation to Michael Eigen’s concept of toxic nourishment as well as cognitive dissonance. Lastly, building on social psychological research, I show that the performance’s olfactory memory-triggering qualities might contribute to its effectiveness in increasing awareness of air pollution.</em></p> Joana Naomi Prochaska Copyright (c) 2024 Joana Naomi Prochaska 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 135 143 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3025 All That Remains: Typhoons and Trauma in Three Philippine Novels in English <p><em>In November 2013, one of the most powerful typhoons ever recorded ravaged the Visayas region of the Philippines. Typhoon Haiyan, locally known as Typhoon Yolanda, caused the deaths of over 6,500 Filipinos. Years later, many are still missing. The devastation caused by typhoons such as Typhoon Haiyan is not new to the Philippines, considering the country encounters around 20 tropical cyclones every year. It is not surprising, then, that natural disasters figure heavily in Philippine literature. This is evident in three Philippine novels in English: Broken Islands (2019) by Criselda Yabes, Remains (2019) by Daryll Delgado, and Tiempo Muerto (2019) by Caroline Hau. Using Sigmund Freud's concept of “remembering, repeating, and working-through,” this study analyzes the three novels as patients in recovery after the trauma of natural disaster. These three novels are then connected to Ernest Renan’s concept of nationhood, Marianne Hirsch's notion of postmemory, as well as Pierre Nora's concept of lieux de memoire in order to illustrate the importance of disaster narratives in the creation and preservation of a nation's identity. </em></p> Alexandra Bichara Copyright (c) 2024 Alexandra Bichara 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 145 155 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3192 Domestication and the Epimeletic Character of Man <p><em>The epimeletic theory presented in this article intends to establish man’s disposition towards the adoption of other species and the pleasure and gratification he receives from his relationship with the adopted animal. This theory is founded upon the hypothesis that man is strongly motivated towards parental caring and nurturing behaviour and that this can be explained by means of reference to certain characteristics possessed by human neonates, namely: 1) a very evident physical immaturity at birth, 2) a relatively late age of development, 3) membership of a complex social system. These characteristics not only demand greater and more articulated epimeletic motivation - propensity to give parental care - on the part of our species but consequently make man particularly sensitive and receptive to et-epimeletic signals - baby schema - generally and not exclusively with reference to his own young, thus encouraging the adoption of other species. Epimeletic theory aims to offer an explanation of three phenomenona: a) the domestication of animals by man, b) the relationship established through pet ownership, c) the beneficial nature of activities connected with the man-pet relationship (pet therapy, pet education).</em></p> Roberto Marchesini Copyright (c) 2024 Roberto Marchesini 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 157 168 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3183 To Die For: Modern Femininity and the Quest for Anti-Hegemonic Anthropomorphization <p><em>This paper provides an analysis of how the concept of femininity is used in literary anthropormorphizations of animals and plants. I argue that this usage of femininity for anthropormorphization provides a framework from which animal and plant life are reevaluated as meaningful. However, the notion of femininity portrayed in my exemplary case study can be shown to depict a specifically white and patriarchal narration of femininity. Therefore, this paper explores possibilities for literary anthropormorphization that is feminist, decolonial and narrates animal and plant life as meaningful. My general advocacy is one for intersectional perspectives and new ways of generating meaning and worth that consider different, interwoven struggles at once and make sense of them precisely in their interwovenness. To do so I connect feminist literary criticism, decolonial theory, Afropessimism, and environmentalist perspectives. My case studies are the Song of the Dodo by David Quammen and Mushrooms by Sylvia Plath. </em></p> Cara-Julie Kather Copyright (c) 2024 Cara-Julie Kather 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 169 187 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3146 Her Parasites: A poetic ecospiritual perspective of the COVID-19 pandemic and nature’s intelligence <p><em>In this transdisciplinary perspective, I present my initial ecospiritual thinking about the COVID-19 pandemic in a poem, titled Her Parasites. I identify with other thinkers – both those in science and not – who articulated ecophilosophical musings about the pandemic in various ways, some of whom were met with mockery and censure. In the hope that it will inspire openness and a sense of curiosity, I draw on metaphysical insights from Vedic treatises and the literature on environmental decline, zoonotic epidemiology, health science, animal agriculture, animal ethics, and animal sentience to explain my poem’s philosophical and ecological framework. I focus on the scientific knowledge of epidemics caused by viruses that transcend species boundaries, why cross-species hopping occurs, and the nature (and incredible intelligence) of such viruses. I invite readers to consider ancient Vedic principles that articulate the rationale for living harmoniously with other sentient beings and entities. Considering the unseen metaphysical association between the pandemic and animal cruelty explained through the Vedic laws of Karmā, I present the possibility that one of the lessons Mother Earth might have wanted the Homo sapiens species to learn from the COVID-19 pandemic is its need to alter its diet. I end with a discussion on the possibility and value of this change. The downplaying or denial of animal sentience (strategies to overcome the psychological discomfort of incongruence between loving animals and eating them, as described in social psychology), is a barrier to this change. However, observed through a Vedic lens, this cognitive dissonance suggests that the Homo sapiens species is innately humane, the realisation of which might hold the key to this dietary change.</em></p> Komathi Kolandai Copyright (c) 2023 Komathi Kolandai 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 189 213 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3084 The Rebirth of People and Earth: COVID-19 as a “Healer” in Kitty O’Meara’s Picturebook and the People Stayed Home <p><em>Kitty O’Meara’s picturebook And the People Stayed Home (2020) presents COVID-19 as a potential “healer” that fosters the rebirth of people and earth. O’Meara’s poem, “In the Time of Pandemic,” conveys a message of hope, resilience, and reflection in the face of the pandemic. When accompanied by the illustrations of Stefano Di Cristofaro and Paul Pereda, the poem takes on a new dimension as a picturebook. The article examines O’Meara’s picturebook, exploring how the visual elements enhance the emotional impact and deepen the interpretation of the text. O’Meara’s picturebook is examined through the lens of both ecocriticism and picturebook theory. Leaning on both theories, the article reveals deeper meanings and implications regarding the relationship between the pandemic, the environment, and human society. By analyzing the visual and textual elements of the picturebook, the article uncovers the ways in which these illustrations highlight the interconnections between humanity and the natural world. </em></p> Mai Saaffan Radwa Mahmoud Copyright (c) 2024 Mai Saaffan, Radwa Mahmoud 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 3 2 215 232 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3173 Sustainability Environmental Performance Future Investment for Company Value <p>This study investigates the financial dynamics of 182 manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during the period 2019 to 2022, amid the COVID-19 pandemic. This study uses a quantitative approach using SPSS for regression analysis. The dataset covers the turbulent years of the COVID-19 pandemic, providing insights into the resilience and adaptability of companies during this period. This study reveals that while capital structure and dividend policy do not significantly affect firm value, firm growth, profitability and investment decisions exert a differential influence. Notably, environmental performance moderates the impact of growth and profitability on firm value, but does not significantly affect relationships involving capital structure, dividend policy, or investment decisions. This research contributes to the growing landscape of financial analysis by incorporating environmental considerations as a moderating factor. It underscores the importance of sustainable practices in improving financial performance and firm value, especially in the context of global crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> Agus Dwianto Diana Puspitasari Annisa Qurrota A'yun Ardiani Ika Sulistyawati Ade Pugara Copyright (c) 2024 Agus Dwianto 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 3 2 233 250 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3193 Triumphing Over Adversity: Navigating Climate Change, Covid-19, and Conflict for Sustainable Development in the Post-Globalization Era <p>This research examines the role of addressing global humanitarian issues in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by States at the UN Sustainable Development Conference in 2012. The SDGs aim to tackle key challenges related to sustainable development, covering environmental, social, and economic dimensions. However, achieving a balance between environmental protection, economic growth, and social inclusion is a complex task requiring continuous efforts and commitment. Through a socio-legal approach, this study identifies three global humanitarian issues as obstacles to the SDGs: climate change, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, and conflicts between States, specifically the Russo-Ukrainian War. Addressing climate change is crucial as it poses significant threats to the environment and human life. The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbates existing challenges, impacting health systems, economies, and social well-being. State conflicts disrupt peace and stability, impeding progress towards development goals. Overcoming these obstacles necessitates international cooperation, policy reforms, and effective governance, prioritizing sustainability, resilience, and inclusiveness. By addressing these humanitarian issues, we can enhance the likelihood of achieving the SDGs and building a more sustainable and equitable future for all.</p> FX Adji Samekto Ani Purwanti Aga Natalis Copyright (c) 2024 Aga Natalis, FX Adji Samekto, Ani Purwanti 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 3 2 251 264 10.33182/joe.v3i2.3191